Mount Teide National Park
The Mount Teide National Park offers one of the most spectacular examples of volcanism in the world and represents the best example of alpine volcanic ecosystem in the Canary Islands. With an altitude of 3,718 metres above sea level, Mt. Teide is the highest mountain in Spain and in all of the Atlantic archipelagos. The wide variety of volcanic cones and domes, lava flows, tors and caves, form a range of colours and forms that increase the scientific and scenic interest of the area. With regard to the enormous biological wealth of the area, the outstanding flora includes a large percentage of endemic species and the invertebrate fauna a large number of exclusive species. Apart from its Peripheral Protection Zone, this natural area is surrounded by the Corona Forestal Nature Park, the largest protected natural area of the Canary Islands. The Teide National Park was declared a Unesco Natural Heritage Site in summer 2007.
Location: 55 minutes or 35 km
Corona Forestal Nature Park
The Corona Forestal Nature Park, a leafy forest of pine trees and other mountain plants, encircles the Teide National Park. It covers 50,000 hectares and is the largest protected area in the Canary Islands. It stretches across some extraordinary landscapes, mountains, ravines and valleys between the north and south of the island. It is the "green lung" of Tenerife and is easily accessible from any part of the island. The Corona Forestal is the natural habitat of many endemic species, such as, the elegant Canarian Pine or outstanding species of birds such as, the Blue Chaffinch or Laurel Pigeon.
Although, in the past, the pine trees in the Corona Park were exploited by the timber industry, today, it is mainly an area reserved for recreational use for all types of outdoor activities. There are many restaurants that specialise in barbecued meat and many recreation areas that have barbecues and other services to help visitors enjoy this beautiful nature park of which the people of Tenerife are especially proud.
Location: 20 minutes or 10 km
Rambla de Castro
The protected area of the Rambla de Castro is an area of beautiful scenery and one of the greenest and most fertile areas of the whole island. The Castro Farmhouse was first built at the beginning of the 16th century by Hernando de Castro. This Portuguese merchant was given these lands in one of the first allocations made, and since then it has always been productive farming land. Today, banana plantations grow side by side with other plant species, such as, Canarian Palm Trees and Dragon trees, one of the most symbolic plants of Tenerife. The Chapel of San Pedro, built in the18th century, and the Fort of San Fernando, built at the end of the same century as a defence against pirate attacks, are the other two buildings worth mentioning in this area.
Location: 10 minutes or 10 km
The Botanical Garden in Puerto de la Cruz was created by Royal Order of Carlos III in 1788, due to the need to cultivate species from the tropics somewhere in Spain with a suitable climate. Until today it has major collections of tropical and sub-tropical plants, with special emphasis on varieties of palms such as Bromeliacea, Araceas and Moracea. There are many plants and trees that are interesting because of their beauty, size, age, rarity or remote place of origin. As a scientific institution, the Gardens carry out international germo-plasm exchanges, it has an herb garden specialising in native Canary flora, with more than 30,000 species and develops research programmes on the flora and vegetation of the Canary Islands and the conservation of endemic species.
Location: 2 minutes or 50 metres